Resources: Papers

This paper explains how and why improved water management on the farm matters for women and girls, and what can be done to better support opportunities for them, as well as for men and boys, in the face of climate change. The authors identify three areas where gender-focused programming needs to address the unique vulnerabilities of women to water (in)security: Women are often at the pinch point of water-related tasks in the home and on the farm, with pressure intensifying around seasonal periods of scarcity in many developing countries.
  Many practitioners are struggling with issues including how to approach exit and how to ensure sustainability of interventions. This paper collects and analyses learning from a year-long Action Learning Set on exit with the British Red Cross, EveryChild, Oxfam GB, Sightsavers and WWF-UK. It suggests important factors for practitioners to consider at key stages in the withdrawal process and provides practical examples from each organisation. It also demonstrates how using a timeline approach helped the group to order their thinking on exits.
The 2011 Education for All Global Monitoring Report exposed the hidden crisis of education in conflict-affected countries. Building on the report, this policy paper shows that urgent action is needed to bring education to the 28.5 million primary school age children out of school in countries affected by conflict. It argues that many countries embroiled in conflict are overlooked in the international aid structure, with their education systems receiving neither long-term development assistance nor short-term humanitarian aid.
The International NGO Training and Research Centre and the Dutch Consortium for Rehabilitation (DCR) have worked together to strengthen advocacy capacity within DCR programmes and partners. Drawing on course evaluations and interviews with participants this paper shows how blended learning approaches can provide access to high quality capacity building support in remote and conflict affected locations in a cost-effective way.  
This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the impacts of cash transfer programmes on the immediate and underlying determinants of child nutrition, including the most recent evidence from impact evaluations across sub-Saharan Africa. It adopts the United Nations Children's Fund extended model of care conceptual framework of child nutrition and highlights evidence on the main elements of the framework – food security, care and health care.
‘Water, Food Security and Human Dignity - A Nutrition Perspective’ examines the importance of water in ensuring food security. One serious problem addressed in the paper is the increased importance of groundwater as a strategic resource as a result of the heavy exploitation of surface water. Another serious challenge highlighted is tackling undernutrition as well as overweight and obese populations. Produced by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation, the paper highlights that encouraging healthy diets would make it necessary to use water and other resources more effectively.
‘Resilience in the SDGs: Developing an Indicator for Target 1.5 that is Fit for Purpose’ provides a proposal for an appropriate indicator for target 1.5 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): ‘By 2030 build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations, and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters’. Produced by the Overseas Development Institute, the paper outlines an approach for developing a cross-sectoral, multi-dimensional and dynamic understanding of resilience.
Most governments have expressed a commitment to gender equality goals but there are often inconsistencies between policy statements and the ways in which public finances are raised and spent. Most governments have also expressed a commitment to greater transparency and accountability. Participation and consultation in the formulation of a country’s budget is still often limited, however, so that the different priorities of women are not fully reflected in the way finances are actually allocated and used.
In this activity sheet the author answers key questions on breastfeeding and feminism in an interview format. This would be a useful resource for the basis of a group discussion. Breastfeeding is an important women's, human rights, and feminist issue, since breastfeeding empowers women and contributes to gender equality. The author argues that women who wish to breastfeed their babies but cannot - because of inadequate support from family or health workers, constraints in the workplace, or misinformation from the infant food industry - are oppressed and exploited.

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