The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) says a generation of babies could be born free of AIDS if the international community step up efforts to provide universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and social protection.
More than 240 million additional children will be immunised in the next five years saving four million lives, but only if the GAVI Alliance receives the funds required to accelerate the introduction of new and under-used vaccines in the developing world.
If fully funded, GAVI will be in a position to vaccinate 90 million children with pneumococcal vaccine and 53 million children with rotavirus vaccine. These two vaccines help protect against pneumonia and diarrhoea, the world’s two biggest killers of children.
In some parts of South Africa, more than one in three people are HIV positive. ‘Love in the Time of AIDS’ explores transformations in notions of gender and intimacy to try to understand the roots of this virulent epidemic. By living in an informal settlement and collecting love letters, cell phone text messages, oral histories, and archival materials, Mark Hunter details the everyday social inequalities that have resulted in untimely deaths.
“Now is the time to continue the expansion of the South African response to HIV/AIDS”
South Africa is facing a major and mounting financial challenge as it strives to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the country. South Africa has 5.7 million people currently infected with the HIV virus, the largest number in the world, and half a million adults and children are becoming newly infected each year (UNAIDS, 2009).
Authorities and health experts say South Africans living with AIDS are being robbed of their lifesaving drugs so that they can be mixed with marijuana and smoked.
The concoction is called ‘whoonga’ -- less a word than an exclamation -- and it adds a bizarre twist to the war on HIV/AIDS in the world's worst-affected country just as it embarks on a massive distribution of antiretrovirals.
Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), warning of a health emergency in Swaziland, says the twin epidemics of AIDS and tuberculosis are ravaging that country, helping to halve life expectancy to 31 years.
The Geneva-headquartered medical charity points out that, "The co-epidemic has contributed substantially to a halving of life expectancy within two decades - from 60 years in the 1990s to 31 in 2007."
Aid group Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) says it has been forced to suspend work in a volatile part of South Sudan because of attacks against their staff, as violence between rival tribes surges in the area.
The organisation says that armed men stole medical equipment from one of its health clinics twice this month in Jonglei state, adding that staff members have also been attacked while delivering aid.
In a statement on its website, the organisation is calling on armed groups to respect its neutrality so it can resume providing aid.
South Africa’s first national, household zero-prevalence survey of HIV and AIDS was conducted in 2002. A second survey was completed in 2005 and this, the third, in 2008.
This report provides an analysis of trends across the three surveys and begins to map the ways in which the shape of the pandemic in South Africa has changed since 2002. Indicators for assessing mid-term progress made in implementing South Africa’s National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS, 2007–2011 are also provided.
Scientists have proclaimed a breakthrough in research into the use of an antiretroviral microbicide which they say could prevent more than 500 000 new HIV infections in South Africa alone over the next decade.
The scientists say that an experiment with a trial group of South African women shows that those who used a vaginal gel containing tenofovir, an antiretroviral drug, were 39 percent less likely to become infected with HIV during sex than those who did not use it.
Part of improving the levels of quality in education and health is providing infrastructure that responds to global needs in terms of skills, technology and sports.