Ikamva House is the perfect space for your day events

(workshops, training, meetings, small events) or a permanent spot (for retail shop, or small business) We have a shop front space

available for rental below our offices in Salt River, Cape Town.

Extras at no cost:

Ikamva House is equipped as standard with 8 moveable tables

and 66 chairs.

Day hire guests will have access to the IkamvaHouse Wi-fi


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0218207444 or 0744252945

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Just over a year ago, @AfricanNGOs and EPIC-Africa conducted the first Pan-African survey on the impact of COVID-19 on African civil society organisations (CSOs). The survey results highlighted the devastating impact of the pandemic on the sector, opportunities that emerged from the crisis, and critical challenges to be addressed in support of the recovery and sustainability of CSOs.

A year later, African CSOs continue to be negatively impacted by COVID-19 even as demand for their services increases and their voice on social and economic justice issues remains critical.

To continue tracking this situation, @AfricanNGOs and EPIC-Africa are implementing a second Pan-African survey from 1-30 June 2021. It aims to assess the ongoing impact of COVID-19 on African CSOs by focusing on the following key issues:

  • Capture the impact of the pandemic on African CSOs, how CSOs are responding, and emerging trends and lessons that may help predict and prepare for the future.
  • Acquire information at the sectoral and regional levels to conduct pertinent cross-sector analyses and present a more granular picture of how African CSOs are coping.
  • Include funders’ perspectives, explore how their funding practices have changed and may continue to evolve, and how the changes are likely to impact the CSO sector.
  • Compare the findings from the first survey with the current situation, generate data and knowledge to inform and widen the discussion on building resilience in the CSO sector, drive advocacy with funders and governments, and spur actions and tools to “build back better”.

Beyond tracking the ongoing impact of the pandemic, the survey findings and analysis will also contribute to a deeper understanding of various critical dimensions and characteristics of the African CSO sector.

If you are involved in an African CSO, please reflect on your past year experiences, complete the survey, and encourage other CSOs in your networks to participate.

Click here to complete the survey.

The deadline for submissions is Wednesday, 30 June 2021.

It will take you 15-20 minutes to answer all the questions. Participating CSOs should only complete the survey once.

All respondents will receive a report on the survey findings.

Thank you in advance for your participation. We value and appreciate your input!

EPIC-Africa and @AfricanNGOs will publish the second report on “The Impact of COVID-19 on African Civil Society Organisations” in August 2021.

The first report, released on 30 June 2020, highlighted the pandemic’s devastating impact on the work of African CSOs. Until its release, the full extent of the pandemic’s impact on African CSOs was still unknown. Furthermore, as the spread and impact of the pandemic unfolded, the need for more data and information amongst CSOs, funders and other stakeholders also increased.

In response, both African CSOs and other African entities interested in the sector, have conducted various research projects and produced publications focussing on the impact of COVID-19 on CSOs or broader development issues.

Complementary to the EPIC-Africa and @AfricanNGOs report, most of these interventions have concentrated on country, regional and thematic experiences, assessing the impact of the pandemic on CSOs’ operations, highlighting how CSOs are coping and responding to these challenges, and identifying opportunities and lessons learned.

All these interventions and outputs contribute to a growing body of knowledge about the pandemic’s impact on African CSOs and the general state of the sector.

As a result, EPIC-Africa and @AfricanNGOs will include a detailed list of all these research and publications in a special “Resources Section” in our new report. Therefore, if you or your organisation have conducted research and produced publications on COVID-19 and issues related to African CSOs, or know of material we should include in the list, please submit the information here.

We have already compiled an initial list of research and publications, and want to ensure that it includes all relevant material produced over the past year.

The deadline for contributions is 30 June 2021.

(NB. We will only consider material produced by African CSOs, or other African institutions that focus specifically on the impact of COVID-19 on the African CSO sector.)


David Barnard, @AfricanNGOs,
Rose Maruru, EPIC-Africa,

Centre for Communication Impact (CCI) is a non-profit South African organisation based in Pretoria. We aim to be a centre of excellence in Strategic health and development Communication programmes that are centred around meaningful Community Engagement.

CCI seeks to appoint a Monitoring & Evaluation and Quality Improvement Officer to be based in Pretoria.

The role of this position is to coordinate and implement Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) and Quality Improvement (QI) activities across all provinces, and also ensure that all Community Responses (CR) programmatic data management and reporting requirements for Centre for Communication Impact (CCI) are maintained. This position is for a duration of 12 months (1 Dec 2020 to 30 October 2021) and will be based in Pretoria
 Employment Type:Fixed Term Contract (1 Dec 2020 – 30 Sept 2021)

 Reports to:Senior Advisor M&E
Key Responsibilities:

  • Develop or adapt QI tools and registers necessary for implementation of quality interventions.
  • Collaborate with other M&E and programme colleagues in supporting comprehensive quality improvement in CR project interventions. 
  • Document and analyse factors contributing to quality gaps identified through continuous quality improvement processes and outline corrective action plans for implementation.
  • Promote and facilitate information sharing of persistent quality barriers and best practices to accelerate learning and programme improvement.
  • Regularly summarize and report activities, outcomes, and challenges to stakeholders including the Programme Managers and Chief of Party.
  • Support the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of Community Responses activities across all the supported sub-districts to ensure quality data management processes.
  • Ensure timely collection, review, analysis and submission of data and narrative reports (weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annually) and tracking of activities and progress towards achievement of annual targets.
  • Assist with the compilation of programme data and narrative reports including challenges and solutions to improve programme performance.
  • Coordinate internal Routine Data Quality Assurance (RDQA) sessions and ensure that findings are shared with the programme team.
  • Ensure Implementation of CR programmes data management adheres to the Standard Operation Procedures (SOP).
  • Work with Community Partners, M&E Managers/ Officers to ensure that all the program data are captured accurately into the Salesforce M&E database.
  • Support training and capacity development activities for partners.
  • Ensure that all M&E documents are properly filed & readily available.
  • Perform other duties as may be required by the Supervisor and/the M&E Unit.


  • Minimum of Bachelor (Honours) degree in health or social sciences or science or another relevant degree.
  • A minimum of 3 years of experience working in programmes or monitoring, evaluation or research in areas such as: public health and/or development programmes such as HIV, reproductive, maternal, new-born, child and adolescent health and nutrition; health systems strengthening; individual and/or institutional capacity building; health and strategic information;
  • Demonstrated experience in both quality improvement approaches and monitoring and evaluations.
  • Knowledge of M&E issues and indicator development for system strengthening/capacity building and service delivery strengthening.
  • Excellent report writing, analytical and communication skills, including oral presentation skills.
  • Advanced proficiency in Excel, Word and PowerPoint MS Office software required.
  • Demonstrated ability to build capacity, including coaching and mentoring.
  • Excellent verbal, written, and interpersonal skills.


  • Strategic thinker and ability to assimilate information fast.
  • Able to work under pressure and meet deadlines.
  • Able to use own initiative and take ownership of his/her tasks.
  • Able to generate and adapt creative ideas and solutions to improve performance.
  • Ability to work independently and as a team player
  • Ability to work accurately under pressure, giving attention to detail and maintaining a high standard of professionalism.
  • Excellent English verbal and written communication skills.
  • Communication skills in other South African languages will be an advantage.
  • Valid Driver’s License.


  • Should you be interested please should forward a motivation letter together with an updated CV to CCI Human Resources at, no later than Wednesday the 17th of November 2020, please note that the position will remain opened until filled.

    Please quote the source of this advertisement in your application - NGO Pulse Portal

    For more about CCI, refer to

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Book review
Nduna, M. (2020). A magnifying glass and a fine-tooth comb: Understanding girls and young women’s sexual vulnerability. Pretoria: CSA&G Press, an imprint of the University of Pretoria.
This book review shares perspectives from the experiences of the BEAR Foundation that resonate or deviate from the findings of research that was conducted by Nduna (Nduna, 2016a, 2016b; Nduna & Ndhlovu, 2016) and which inspired the writing of this book. This review is based on what has been witnessed and observed in relation to adolescent girls and young women (AG&YW) and shares some elements that may contribute to future interventions as they resonate with some of the arguments presented in this book. This review confirms my resolution to ‘stand firm’ together with other advocates for gender equity and social justice, in the ‘face of fear’, to end gender-based violence against adolescent girls and young women (Tshona, 2019).
BEAR Foundation is a locally grown and woman-led organisation in Gauteng. The reflections shared here, whilst based on advocacy work of the BEAR Foundation in Gauteng, have implications for AG&YW in other parts of the country and even in the Southern African region. BEAR Foundation run school programs such as advocacy for girl’s education, addressing the “Sugar Daddy” phenomenon and educating about sexual and reproductive health. BEAR Foundation found that character development in leadership programs helps shape girls to realise their strength as well as set timely goals for them to achieve and graduate to the next level in their lives. BEAR foundation’s Theory of Change sets in motion to empower AG&YW to be able to assume a position of the sequencing model. The work builds advocacy and networking skills in AG&YW and these are relevant to build AG&YW who can advocate an issue that affects them such as access to education. The BEAR Foundation is keen to include and support the sequencing model in its diversity of interventions. 
Are girls victims of their own biology? What BEAR Foundation has witnessed in programs that include the boy-child is that even after the empowerment of the girl-child, boys exceptionally perform better. Yes, the girl-child may do outstanding work and thrive, however, they are limited in their ability to excel due to the chores and responsibilities that girls have to complete on their day-to-day schedule between school and home, not forgetting child-headed households due to the death of parents by HIV/AIDS (Meintjies, Marera and Boulle, 2010).This gendered organization of domestic lives sets a mindset on the girl to believe that it is a norm for a boy to be a step ahead and achieve more or be better than them. To address this, interventions need to encourage that girls do not need to be masculine or feel any less capable, but to continuously thrive in what they do best and to focus on their strengths and what works best for them. This strength-based approach gives AGYW confidence to speak out with no doubts in their minds about what they strongly believe in and can do; this way they can thrive at their optimum pace.
In the book, the author introduces the reader to normative sexual socialisation in the context of the Southern African collectivist culture. The author suggests that girls and young women need to work twice as hard to be at the same standard or level as boys and young men. This would seem true; that when girls do not meet the standards of society they deviate to what they think would make them fit in, which is highlighted on pages 37-39 as follows;  
“Women who consume alcohol in public experience shaming and loss of status. In the townships, some adolescent girls and young women may even be gang members or associates of street gangs, and may be exposed to recreational drugs early in life. Adolescent girls who take drugs are viewed as social deviants and are more likely to leave school early, and thus miss out on comprehensive sexuality education that is a part of the formal curriculum” (p. 37-8).
“…some adolescent girls and young women appreciate having access to cash. When and where the cash comes from, and what it is used for, is determined by various factors. For various reasons, including both the need to obtain basic subsistence items and the desire to acquire luxury consumer goods, adolescents and young women may enter into transactional sexual relationships. While in many dating relationships giving and receiving of goods may be normal, once transactions become the primary motivation for a relationship, the girl who has entered into such a relationship is frowned at and judged harshly” (p. 38-9).
The question here would be, are HIV prevention interventions the only platforms which should be implemented for young women and adolescent girls? If it is money that girls are after, is it not better to teach them financial literacy for them to also be able to live within their means? This could include skills training as a possible avenue for those that either complete secondary school or have dropped out; in that way AG&YW will not see only one way of accessing cash through transactional sex with “sugar daddy’s”. It is left entirely in their power as AG&YW to have good character, to make good choices and follow through on the sequential model despite the fact that it may not guarantee easy cashflow that would fit the lifestyle they desire at that moment in time.
The paragraph above then becomes proof that girls need programs that will not only keep them in school but encourage and help them realise their own strengths that will enable them to escape the challenges of trying to fit in. I am in total agreement that education is key, complimented with the provision of skills training, scholarships and bursary opportunities; and despite the chances that one may not be able to further their studies, it is likely that only a minority of women and girls would not be able to secure at least one of the mentioned provisions to gain a qualification to make them employable. Everything from this point on relies on the individual to be disciplined and live within their means, and that means they need to be financially literate and not desire what they cannot afford.
The author suggests that “Given access to funding, possibly more than 50% of learners could be prevented from dropping out of school if finance was available to support their remaining in school” (p. 60). In South Africa we have laws that enable learners without finance to attend no-fee paying schools, especially in the townships and rural areas, and as pointed out by Nkosi (2011), citing Van Rooyen (2008), “The poor rural and working class communities still suffer the legacy of large classes, deplorable physical conditions and the absence of learning resources. It is however commendable that the government of South Africa carries the plight of the poor at heart and embrace equality and equity as the cornerstones of our democratic constitution. Programmes such as the National School Nutrition have also added some value to the notion of free education.” 
Further to the paragraph above, the South African Schools Act of 1996 allows for learners from poor families to be exempted from paying school fees. The School Fee Exemption policy states that each school, through its school governing body (SGB), must determine fees and inform parents and caregivers about the exemption policy.”( ) Assumption 2 in this monograph addresses delayed modern consumption as a precursor for delayed transactional sex. The book suggests that;
“Despite girls being encouraged to stay in school, schools are not safe for poorer girls and young women, as too often they fall victim to male educators who take advantage of their economic vulnerability and their determination to remain in school and complete their education” (p. 62).
“Poorer and vulnerable girls tend to be victims of male educators who promise gainful relationships. Such support may be essential for learners and sometimes also for their families, in order to meet the basic needs for survival, social mobilisation and modernisation” (p. 62).
This assumption speaks to BEAR Foundation’s advocacy project in Dieplsoot to reinforce and advocate for an improved implementation of school violence reduction and prevention at all 13 schools, as part of the accountability structure of the school-based-psycho-social teams. This work is in support of the National School Safety Framework Policy. The BEAR Foundation conducted a desktop research as its first objective to understand the programs that have been implemented by the Department of Basic Education and other civil society organisations so as to know what worked and what did not work and why. By so doing, BEAR Foundation plans to avoid reinventing the wheel. After a successful engagement with People Opposing Women Abuse (POWA), The BEAR Foundation established an opportunity to partner and implement one of POWA’s school violence prevention programs as an add-on to its programs. The BEAR Foundation also engages with POWA, to strategize with other Diepsloot civil society organisations (CSO’s) on the field work research to be undertaken with school management bodies to understand their needs concerning school-violence prevention and support required.
The following questions were explored;

  1. How can schools account as a means to ensure compliance of school-violence-prevention?

  2. What defines the needs of a school that need to be met in school violence prevention?

  3. What can the school principal, SGB and educators do to ensure that the   school environment is free from hostile behaviour and learners are safe?

  4. How can parents be involved in supporting school-based interventions?

  5. What are the parents’ and school’s responsibilities towards children who become victims?

The collaboration with POWA, and other similar organisations and individual advocates for gender equity ; will strengthen BEAR Foundation’s capability to amplify advocacy work for the reduction of violence against AG&YW in schools and to foster an enabling and conducive school environment for teaching and learning. This is especially urgent in the Covid-19 recovery period as many girls will be destitute from the effects of the lockdown and pandemic fatalities on their families; they will be at increased risk for bully behaviours and sexual exploitation. In the book, Nduna supports that, “There is no doubt that post-school education and training is important to upskill and to improve the employability of young people” (p. 65).
She also states that;
“Although basic public education is more affordable, public higher education is heavily commoditised and priced to be a privilege. Bongi Zondi narrated that when she finished her basic education, she wished to study further but because her father was already a pensioner her wishes could not be fulfilled. Zondi said that she had no choice but to look for a job” (p. 65).
The author alludes to similar challenges with returning and continuing with school and education beyond high school, citing that “Similar studies across the region suggest that young women choose to refrain from consuming modern commodities, and wish to continue their education  but may be compelled by circumstances to leave school in order to find a job and to start a family” (p. 65).
This once again goes to show that AG&YW usually only have one alternative that they depend on to further their education in order to obtain a sustainable income, which is their parents or family members. So much so that should anything happen to their sources of income to enable their progress, they are assumed to be doomed with their only option being to get a job. This may not be satisfactory to them and may therefore create additional problems of seeking to belong, marrying wrong or settling for a wrong partner that abuses them emotionally and physically. The partner may even use the fact that they did not finish school against them, making them feel worthless and not worthy of anything better than who they may be at that point in time.
In the book, the author suggests that Modern consumption is achievable and affordable post-school;
“At the age of 18, after 12 years of basic education, some young women exit the education system because they have no guaranteed access to higher education. Some girls and young women exit the education system with a secondary school certificate, which does not guarantee employment. Jobs are hard to find for qualified graduates, let alone for matriculants. Research suggests that almost half of all young Africans in South Africa end up with a job that sits at the same level as their parents, which are … amongst the lowest skill levels in the country, despite the fact that the number of completed years of education have increased substantially across the generations from three years for grandparents, to five to six years for parents, and an average of 10 years for the current generation” (p.68-9).
The above paragraph suggests that even after young women would have successfully followed the sequential model they stand a chance of not being able to secure a decent job, putting them at the same level as their parents in lower skilled jobs, which also makes them prey to domestic violence due to their choices of life partners. This would put them under pressure to have a family assuming that life would be better financially and that the man would look after them.
The author suggests that SRHR interventions make an assumption that Romantic restraint is an ingredient for success; “In all these cases, education and employment status failed to protect women from intimate partner violence and femicide. The point to be made here is that refraining from dating the good boy(s) at school is no guarantee of a good, secure, healthy and successful relationship post-school” (p. 73).
It seems like there is no full-proof successful model that women can follow and successfully tick all the boxes. In my personal experience, I managed to successfully complete secondary school as well as tertiary. I secured a job that I desired with my Hospitality Management Diploma and was well on my way to further my studies as I had not yet reached my goals or fulfilled my desired academic achievement. I wanted a BBA in Communications Degree; this I could successfully manage part-time with a full time job while staying in a bachelor flat on my own. Life was sure easy to manage and when relationships would not work, I would sulk for a moment and move on; until the day I met a guy who gradually made me think and feel less of myself. He seemed to have achieved what I was in the process of working towards but constantly wanted to make me feel as if I could not achieve it or it required more than I thought I had to achieve it. The relationship grew from emotional abuse to physical abuse. In the interim of being in that relationship, I dropped out of university and to this day, 10 years later, I plan to go back and start all over again with my Degree. But the one thing I appreciate from that experience is that it has helped me to realise my strength and that just when I thought I was strong and brave enough, I in actual fact was not. With the help of family, friends and the church, I pulled myself up and vowed to help adolescent girls avoid being in a similar situation. This gave birth to an organisation I founded: BEAR Foundation. BEAR which is an acronym of the organisation’s objectives, seeks to help girls to be Bold, Empowered, Affirmed and Revived to the true reality of who they are.

  1. Meintjes H., Hall K., Marera & Boulle A. (2010). Orphans of the AIDS epidemic: The extent, nature and circumstances D.H. of child-headed households in South Africa. AIDS care, 22(1): 40-49.)

  2. Nduna, M. (2016a). Aligning sexual and reproductive health rights with traditional and religious systems. Baseline study report Case Study 1: Flagstaff. Retrieved from Durban:

  3. Nduna, M. (2016b). Aligning sexual and reproductive health rights with traditional and religious systems. Baseline study report Case Study 3: Eshowe. Retrieved from Durban:

  4. Nduna, M., & Ndhlovu, L. (2016). Aligning sexual and reproductive health rights with traditional and religious systems. Baseline study report Case Study 2: Pietermaritzburg. Retrieved from Durban:

  5. Nkosi, C.S. (2011). The implications of being declared a no fee school. [Unpublished Master’s Dissertation. University of Pretoria.



  8. Tshona, O. (2019). The Base Work.  Retrieved from

  9. Van Rooyen, J.W. (2008). AFB study Guide. Pretoria. University of Pretoria. 

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